Actions (flowers): Expectorant, anti-inflammatory, reduces phlegm, circulatory stimulant

Actions (berries): Promotes sweating, diuretic, laxative

Elder is primarily beneficial as a cold and flu treatment. The flowers may be added to tea to induce sweating, and to clear tissues and mucous membranes. The berries contain antioxidants and anthocyanins, which create an inhospitable environment for viruses to spread. Apart from treating illness, elderflowers are beneficial to the skin. They ease sunburn and soothe irritated skin.